The disheartening truth is that as students grow up they read less. For a teacher this should sound an ear-splitting alarm. As a teacher desiring that students mature spiritually, the shock of the alarm must be even greater.
As far back as I can remember in my professional life, educators have advocated and emphasized programs for literacy; writing across the curriculum; targeting reading “drop outs,” especially male students in junior high and secondary grades; as well as informal journeys led by educators seeking raise the educational bar for their students.
But alas, the days are jam packed with curricular activities and other worthy endeavors. So what’s a teacher to do? I recently read an article that provided some ideas to promote reading in all classrooms. While some of the suggestions were obvious and perhaps already done in your classroom, some of the other suggestions could be used as tools to “build skills and joy in literacy” (Gilmore).
Help build excitement about reading!
- Publicly celebrate reading
Reflecting on the adage “you get what you honor,” teachers should give significance to reading. This can be done by posting student reading lists, helping students develop lists of books that they want to read, or perhaps asking students to write brief book reviews. Model and teach students to share things learned from reading. Excitement is always contagious!
- Share word walls
Keep words walls dynamic and as interactive as possible. Word walls provide a model for high frequency words as well as help students see patterns and relationships in words. Word walls provide reference support for students during reading and writing activities. Make sure that students contribute and use the word wall regularly.
- Read and write across content areas/Value disciplinary literacy
It is important that students learn to write in all content areas. Do not fall into the rut of having all writing done in a language arts class. Keep students reading and writing in every academic discipline. Teachers can help their cohorts, especially those teachers that struggle to assist students with writing.
- Provide authentic writing experiences
Help students escape the tendency to write for the audience of one. Students that write just for the teacher soon lose a love for reading and writing. Provide students with opportunities to write for different audiences—letters, op-eds, book reviews, information captions for graphics, etc. Teaching literacy greatly improves when we “keep it real.”
- Promote reflection and goal setting
Reading success is not measured by how many books a student reads or even complexity of the book that is selected. Reading success is seeing the student use the reading—support writing, improve critical thinking, etc—to enhance overall literacy. Students must be taught to habitually reflect on their reading and develop greater aspirations as a result. Praise reflection and goal setting and it will flourish.
Are you doing everything that you can do to improve the overall literacy of your school’s culture? Can you use some of the above ideas to make your classroom a better development ground for literacy?
If you have other ideas that you have found effective, please share them in the comments section below.
Gilmore, B. (2017, February). 10 ways to promote a culture of literacy. Educational Leadership, 74(5). ASCD: Alexandria, VA.