Constructive Criticism – Being Lovingly Honest

The following suggestions are offered to guide the educator needing to offer constructive criticism to students, co-workers, or employees.  Because most educators seem to not enjoy an activity that feels confrontational, constructive criticism is often avoided to the detriment of the student(s), co-worker, or employee.

Proverbs says much about dealing with others, even in difficult or contentious situations. For example, Solomon says that “a friend loveth at all times, and a brother is born for adversity (17:17).”  Later he reminds us that “faithful are the wounds of a friend (27:6);” so even in tense times when we must offer constructive criticism, we should be faithful to honestly and lovingly critique students, co-workers (if we are responsible to do so), and employees.

Several years ago I shared some notes that I jotted down nearly three decades ago about this topic. Through the years I have leaned on these principles to help me.  I share them below as

10 Commandments for Constructive Criticism

  • Constructive criticism is both a positive and negative evaluation.
  • Constructive criticism is motivated by love for and desire to build up a student. 
  • Constructive criticism is built on a foundation of a previous relationship.
  • Constructive criticism does not label students.
  • Constructive criticism must be designed to fit the individual—one size does not fit all.
  • Constructive criticism should be given at the right time and place.
  • Constructive criticism needs effective interaction. 
  • Constructive criticism offers solutions rather than only identifying problems.
  • Constructive criticism is calm and caring, not confrontational.
  • Constructive criticism assumes an ongoing relationship that will continue to nurture.

Successful teachers learn quickly that the privilege of criticism must be earned; a student must trust a teacher before criticism is accepted. Successful teachers come to understand that the ability to teach requires the ability to critique, both positively and negatively.

So, effective teachers are either building a trust relationship so that criticism is accepted or they have already established a trust relationship and are using criticism to advance student learning.

Perhaps you have had to complete the phrase “constructive criticism….” Take a moment and share an idea to add to the list.

Edward is the founder and managing editor of Focus on Christian Education. He also serves as the Executive Director of the South Carolina Association of Christian Schools.

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