I recently read an article about mounting data that indicates a relationship between attention disorders and sleep problems. While to this point no causal relationship has been discovered, it is clear that students with attention disorders also have sleep problems. It is often forgotten that children aged 5-12 need 10-11 hours of sleep.
Educators have long recognized that sleep deprivation negatively affects student performance. Research shows that students with sleep debt are impaired in many facets, including:
- Decreased Alertness and Ability to Maintain Focus
- Extreme moodiness and mood swings
- Decreased energy and motivation
- Decreased bodily control & coordination
Are you alert to students with the signs of sleep deprivation? What can a teacher do to address the problem? Here are several suggestions that might help.
- Discuss the problem with parent(s)
Parents may not be aware that sleep debt is adversely affecting classroom performance or attitudes. Ask parents to consider making schedule adjustments so that the child can get more sleep.
- Teach students (and parents) about healthy sleep habits
While some schools used classroom instruction time to stress healthy habits, often additional instruction is needed. Often the hardest change for parents to make is limiting screen time. Experts suggest that children should not engage in screen time—laptops, tablets, phones, etc.—for two hours before bedtime.
- Warn parents about the negative effects of caffeine
- Stress the importance of routine—encourage a regular bedtime and bedtime routine that foster a consistent sleep schedule
- Encourage parents to make sure the child’s room is conducive to sleep
The room should be dark, cool and quiet. Keep televisions, computers, and any other personal electronics out of the bedroom. Surveys indicate that many students, even those as low as elementary age, spend hours “on screen” after laying down in bed.
The importance of establishing good sleep habits should not be undersold. It is vital that young children establish these routines so that their transition into the teen years and then adulthood can be healthy and happy. Adults with poor sleep habits are usually those that never establish good sleep routines as children and teens.
What other things that you suggest to parents to help a child develop good sleep patterns?