“EDUCATION” – WHAT DOES THAT MEAN?
If, as educators often do, we resort to the dictionary to find out what a word means, we find that “education” is a combination of two Latin words: the prefix ex (out of) and the verb ducere (to lead). This is the same verb which gives us “induce”, “reduce”, seduce”, “produce”, “deduce”, “conducive”, etc. “Education”, then, means literally “to lead out of”.
From this rather dry information we can deduce 🙂 that “education” consists of four elements:
First, we must have someone who does the leading. In education, this would be the teacher. Second, we must have someone whom we lead, which would be student. Third, the teacher must have something to lead the student out of, which we assume would be ignorance or misinformation. Fourth, the teacher must have something to lead the student into, which we would again assume to be knowledge.
Christians see the teacher as the depository and model of the Proverbs trilogy of knowledge-understanding-wisdom. As for the student, we know that he bears the image of God but that it is marred almost beyond perception. We understand his basic need is to be led out of rebellion against truth and authority. And we embrace the Biblical goal of transformation into the image of Christ as the result of growth in knowledge-understanding-wisdom. Otherwise, as Luther predicted, we will simply educate clever devils.
Does the previous paragraph immediately strike you as politically incorrect? As a whole as well as in the four elements? Unbelievers see each of these in ways diametrically opposed to those of Christians. They see the teacher as a facilitator. They view the student as inherently good. They consider his problem to be an undeveloped intellect. And they set self-realization as the goal.
Different worldviews produce vastly different perspectives.
In a previous article we established the intuitive point that “education is inherently religious” and that “religion is inherently educational”. Here we have defined what “education” is and have identified its essential parts. Following these two introductions, we will address the components of education in four future articles.